Scientists from the French University found significant differences between the brain of humanists and technicians. They proved that while working with abstract data inside the brain, neural blocks that are not connected with speech are involved. Proceeding from this, scientists have suggested two reasons for mathematical abilities.
One of them is associated with the emergence of meaningful speech in human life, and another, according to scientists, was even more ancient and based on abstract thinking in the evaluation of space and time. In order to confirm their assumptions, specialists monitored a group of 30 volunteers, half of whom were mathematicians by education, and half - a pronounced humanities. At the same time, the level of education received was the same for all participants.
Respondents were asked to answer questions or comment on mathematical statements, using the concepts "truth", "lie" or "nonsense". In the process of answering questions, scientists fixed the brain signals of participants with MRI.
It turned out that working with mathematical data involved sections of the parietal, lower-temporal and prefrontal cerebral cortex of those respondents who had a mathematical education and corresponding abilities, while in the humanities these areas of the cerebral cortex remained calm, and activation in them occurred only then , when people had to solve simple arithmetic problems.
Scientists believe that the gradual increase in the information processed by the brain, connected with abstraction and mathematics, can develop mathematical thinking. Information on the scientific work of specialists was published in the
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.