American researchers have found that the health of an infant is largely determined by the state of his mother's microbiota
The composition of the microbiome includes several tens of trillions of beneficial bacteria that live in the intestines, respiratory tract and on human skin. S
cientists have identified a range of external factors that affect the regulation of the child’s own microbiome, including breastfeeding and natural birth. For a long time it was believed that the uterus of a woman is sterile, and the baby’s microbiome begins to form only after the birth of the baby.
However, in modern scientific works it has been suggested that the development of the baby’s microflora is an intrauterine process, and a number of factors indicate that the imbalance of the baby’s microbiome in the first months of life can influence the development of certain diseases in the future.
According to Sharon Meropol, microbiomes can cause childhood allergies, metabolic disorders, leading to excess weight, and even autism.
Specialists from the University of Alberta (Canada) emphasize that a number of studies have shown that a allergic mother has a baby with a large number of intestinal bacteria Enterobacteriaceae, which increase the susceptibility to SARS.
Scientists believe that cesarean section, early vaccination and the use of antibiotic drugs adversely affect the child's microflora.
The researchers noted the need for a thorough study of the molecular physiology of the formation of the microbiome and the factors affecting it.